Philosophy of Science

Alkistis Elliott-Graves

[image of Alkistis Elliott-Graves]
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Dissertation Title: 
Target Systems and their Role in Scientific Inquiry
Research Interests: 

Philosophy of Science (Concepts and Methodology in Modeling, Target Systems, Ecology)

Philosophy of Biology 

Philosophy of the Social Sciences

Previous Degrees: 

MSc Philosophy of the Social Sciences, London School of Economics and Political Science

B.A. European Social and Political Studies, University College London

Publications: 

'Idealization' with M.Weisberg. Forthcoming in Philosophy Compass

Presentations: 

"What is the Target of a Generalized Model?" ISHBSSB 2013 Montpellier

"Abstract and Complete" PSA 2012 San Diego 

"Abstraction and Conceptualization in Invasive Species Research" ISHPSSB 2011 Salt Lake City

"Is Ecological Inheritance necessary for Niche Construction?" Integrating Complexity 2010 London Ontario

"Why early humans did not think deductively", ISHPSSB 2009 Brisbane

Awards: 

Benjamin Franklin Fellowship 2008-2012

George W.M. Bacon Fellow 2012-2013

Critical Writing Fellowship 2013-2014

Advisors: 

Supervisor: Michael Weisberg

Committee: Christina Bicchieri, Dan Singer, Zoltan Domotor, Liz Camp

Curriculum Vitæ: 

Ryan Muldoon

[image of Ryan Muldoon]
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Dissertation Title: 
Diversity and the Social Contract
Research Interests: 

My dissertation project, "Diversity and the Social Contract", is an attempt to lay the foundations for a novel formulation of social contract theory in which diversity is a central concern. To do this, I offer a new moral stance that allows for substantive, fundamental moral disagreement, and then use this moral stance to develop a bargaining model in which agents can cooperate with only minimal conditions on their agreement. I demonstrate that, up to certain limits, a more diverse population is one that is more able to provide public goods. This framework is then used to argue that we ought to replace a notion of toleration with a more aggressive embrace of diversity. I see this project as an attempt to bring Mill's conception of experiments in living into the fold of contract theory.

Previous Degrees: 

M.A. in Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania

B.S. in Philosophy (with honors), University of Wisconsin - Madison

B.S. in Mathematics, University of Wisconsin - Madison

Publications: 

"Robust Simulations" Philosophy of Science 74 (December 2007)

"Epistemic Landscapes and the Division of Cognitive Labor" (With Michael Weisberg) Philosophy of Science (Forthcoming)

"Robustness and Idealization in Models of Cognitive Labor" (With Michael Weisberg) (Under Review)

Presentations: 

"The View from Everywhere" The Epistemology of Liberal Democracy – Free Speech, Disagreement and Common Belief University of Copenhagen, Denmark, November 2008

"Epistemic Diversity and Epistemic Landscapes" Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Pittsburgh, November 2008

"Toward a Mechanism for Realizing Mill’s Experiments in Living" Tenth Conference of the International Society for Utilitarian Studies Kadish Center for Morality, Law and Public Affairs, UC – Berkeley, September 2008

"Agreeing to Disagree: How Conflicting Norms Can be Mutually Reinforcing" Fundacion Urrutia Elejalde XI Summer School on Economics and Philosophy: Social Norms San Sebastian, Spain, July 2008

"Spatial Models of Bargaining" Formal Methods in Philosophy Workshop University of Pennsylvania, May 2008

"Diversity and the Public Sphere" Democracy, Constitutionalism and Citizenship Graduate Workshop, University of Pennsylvania, November 2007.

"Correlating Strategies With Neighbors Even When The Goal is Anti-Correlation" 2007 Meeting of the International Society for the History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Biology, Exeter, England, July 2007

"Diversity and the Social Contract" Santa Fe Institute Graduate Workshop in Computational Social Science Modeling and Complexity, Santa Fe, New Mexico, July 2007

"Social Epistemology and Individual Rationality" Fourth Annual Formal Epistemology Workshop, Carnegie Mellon University, May 2007

"How Computer Simulations are like Telescopes and Microscopes" Philosophy of Science Association 2006 Biennial Meeting, Vancouver, November 2006

Comments on Epsen's "Games with Zero-Knowledge Signaling" Third Annual Formal Epistemology Workshop, UC - Berkeley, May 2006

"The Emergence of Trust: Preventing Conflicts with Covenants" Mind, Brain, and Behavior Graduate Student Conference, Harvard University, May 2006

"The Need for a Plurality of Fairness Norms: An Evolutionary Account" Computing and Philosophy Conference (CAP 2005), Oregon State University, August, 2005

"Fairness Plurality: An Evolutionary Account" Social Network Analysis: Advances and Applications Forum, Oxford University, July, 2005

"Modeling the Emergence of Multiple Fairness Norms" (with Cristina Bicchieri) Social Dynamics Workshop, Santa Fe Institute, April, 2005

"On The Validity of Model-Based Arguments" Graduate Philosophy Conference, University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University, April 2005

Awards: 

2007: Summer School Support and Travel Award Santa Fe Institute

2007: Dean's Summer Fellowship in Philosophy Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania

2006: PSA Travel Grant Philosophy of Science Association and the National Science Foundation

2006: Summer School Support and Travel Award Santa Fe Institute

2006: Summer Research Grant
Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania

2005: Russell Ackoff Doctoral Student Fellowship for Research on Human Decision Processes Center for Risk and Decision Processes, The Wharton School

2005: Provost's Travel Grant to attend Symposium on Risk and Uncertainty University of Pennsylvania

2005: Philosophy, Politics, and Economics Summer Research Travel Grant University of Pennsylvania

2004: Philosophy, Politics, and Economics Conference Travel Grant University of Pennsylvania

Advisors: 

Cristina Bicchieri, Adrienne Martin, Samuel Freeman, Michael Weisberg

Matt Bateman

[image ]
Contact Information
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Research Interests: 
  • Philosophy of Science
  • Cognitive Science
  • Early Modern Philosophy
Advisors: 

Michael Weisberg

Murad Akhundov

Lecturer
Candidate of Philosophical Sciences (Ph.D): 1968. Doctor of Philosophical Scienc
Contact Information
Email address: 
Research Interests: 
  • Philosophy of Science
  • Philosophy of Space and Time
  • Metaphysics
  • Russian Philosophy
  • Jonathan Moreno

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    Professor of Medical Ethics, History and Sociology of Science, and Philosophy
    Ph.D., Washington University
    Contact Information
    Phone: 
    (215) 898-7629
    Email address: 
    Office Location: 
    303 Cohen Hall
    Appointments: 

    David and Lyn Silfen University Professor Professor of Medical Ethics, History and Sociology of Science, and Philosophy

    Research Interests: 
  • Medical Ethics
  • Science Policy
  • Philosophy of Science
  • Selected Publications: 

    The Body Politic: The Battle Over Science in America (2011)

    Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defense (2006)

    Ethical Guidelines for Innovative Surgery (2006)

    Is There an Ethicist in the House? On the Cutting Edge of Bioethics (2005)

    In the Wake of Terror: Medicine and Morality in a Time of Crisis (2003)

    Steven O. Kimbrough

    [image Prof. Kimbrough]
    Professor of Operations and Information Management and of Philosophy
    PhD University of Wisconsin
    Contact Information
    Email address: 
    Research Interests: 
  • philosophy of science
  • decision support systems
  • electronic commerce
  • artificial intelligence and computational rationality
  • logic modeling
  • evolutionary computation
  • Selected Publications: 

    (with M. Weber) "An Empirical Comparison of Utility Assessment Programs." European Journal of Operational Research75 (1994).

    (with J. Oliver and C. Pritchett) "On Post-Evaluation Analysis: Candle Lighting and Surrogate Models." Interfaces 23.3 (May-June 1993).

    (with H.K. Bhargave) "Model Management: An Embedded Languages Approach." Decision Support Systems 10 (1993).

    Gary Hatfield

    [image of Prof. Hatfield]
    Seybert Professor of Philosophy
    Ph.D. University of Wisconsin, Madison
    History of Science/Philosophy/Psychology
    Contact Information
    Phone: 
    (215) 898-6346
    Email address: 
    Office Location: 
    425 Cohen Hall
    Office Hours: 
    Summer, 2014: by apptmt.
    Appointments: 

    Adam Seybert Professor in Moral and Intellectual Philosophy

    Director, Visual Studies Undergraduate Program (& Sector A advisor)

    Institute for Research in Cognitive Science

    Center for Cognitive Neuroscience

    Research Interests: 
    • History of Modern Philosophy
    • Philosophy of Psychology
    • Theories of Vision
    • Philosophy of Science
    Selected Publications: 

    Books

    1. The Natural and the Normative: Theories of Spatial Perception from Kant to Helmholtz. Cambridge: MIT Press/Bradford Books, 1990, xii+366.
    2. Kant's Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, translated, with introduction, notes, and selections from the Critique of Pure Reason. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 1997. Revised edition, with additional Critique selections and the Göttingen and Gotha reviews, 2004.
    3. Edition of Kant's Prolegomena, with translator's introduction, apparatus, and notes. In Theoretical Philosophy After 1781, ed. by Henry Allison and Peter Heath. Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant. Cambridge University Press, 2002.
    4. Descartes' Meditations. London: Routledge, 2014, xxi+364.
      Chinese translation of first edition (simplified characters), by Shang Xin Jian (Peking University). Guilin City: Guangxi Normal University Press, 2007.
      Chinese translation of first edition (complex characters), by Chou Chun-tang (Huafan University, Taiwan). Taipei: Wu Nan Press, 2009.
    5. Perception and Cognition: Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2009, xiv+533.
    6. Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy, ed. Gary Hatfield and Sarah Allred. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
    7. The Evolution of Mind, Brain, and Culture, ed. Gary Hatfield and Holly Pittman. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2013.

    Articles and Chapters

    See web vita for partial list: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~hatfield/vitae.html

    See Homepage for pdfs of selected articles and chapters

    Zoltan Domotor

    [image of Prof. Zoltan]
    Professor of Philosophy
    Ph.D. Stanford University
    Contact Information
    Phone: 
    (215) 898-6347
    Email address: 
    Office Location: 
    465 Cohen Hall
    Appointments: 

    Professor of Philosophy Director of Undergraduate Studies

    Research Interests: 
  • Philosophy of Science
  • Applied Logic
  • Epistemology
  • Cognitive Science
  • Michael Weisberg

    [image of Prof. Weisberg]
    Associate Professor of Philosophy and Graduate Chair
    Ph.D. Stanford University
    Contact Information
    Phone: 
    (215) 898-0417
    Email address: 
    Office Location: 
    421 Cohen Hall
    Office Hours: 
    Monday, 2-3:30 and by appointment
    Research Interests: 
  • Philosophy of Science
  • Philosophy of Biology
  • Philosophy of Chemistry
  • Public Understanding of Science
  • Cognitive Science
  • My primary research concerns the philosophical issues surrounding the scientific method. Specifically, I am interested in the construction, development, and analysis of theories and models in computationally complex sciences such as population biology and chemistry. I pursue these interests in a variety of projects spanning traditional as well as novel areas in philosophy of science, including philosophy of biology, philosophy of chemistry, and the social structure of science.

    Selected Publications: 

    Simulation and Similarity: Using Models to Understand the World, 2013, Oxford University Press.

    "Three Kinds of Idealization," The Journal of Philosophy, 104 (12) 639-59.

    “Robustness Analysis,”Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Science, 73, 730–742.

    “Forty Years of `The Strategy': Levins on Model Building and Idealization,” Biology and Philosophy, 21(5), 623--645.

    “Who is a Modeler?”, British Journal for Philosophy of Science, 58, 207–233.

    “Qualitative Theory and Chemical Explanation,” Philosophy of Science, 71 (2004), 1071–1081.

    “Water is Not H2O,” Philosophy of Chemistry: Synthesis of a New Discipline. Eds. D. Baird, et al. New York: Springer. 337-345.

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