My research focuses on thoughts and utterances that don’t fit standard propositional models. I am especially interested in cognitive "perspectives", in which one thought structures our overall understanding of a topic in a way that's similar to the way a concept like duck or rabbit can structure our perceptual experience. I've thought most about perspectives in our understanding of metaphor and fiction, but I'm also working on their role in emotions and the self. In addition, I am interested in the thought of non-human animals, in thought that takes place in maps rather than sentences, and in sarcasm and slurs.
"Two Varieties of Literary Imagination: Metaphor, Fiction, and Thought Experiments," Midwest Studies in Philosophy: Poetry and Philosophy, XXXIII (2009), 107-130.
"Putting Thoughts to Work: Concepts, Systematicity, and Stimulus-Independence," Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 78.2 (March 2009), 275-311.
“Thinking with Maps” Philosophical Perspectives 21:1 (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2007), 145-182.
"Contextualism, Metaphor, and What is Said" Mind & Language, 21:3 (June 2006), 280-309.
"Metaphor and That Certain 'Je Ne Sais Quoi'" Philosophical Studies 129:1 (May 2006), 1-25.
"The Generality Constraint, Nonsense, and Categorial Restrictions" Philosophical Quarterly 54:215 (April 2004), 209-231.